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Ramsey County History – Spring 1965: “A Fateful Decade—The Negroes in Minnesota and the Role They Played”

Earl Spangler

A Fateful Decade—The Negroes in Minnesota and the Role They Played Author: Earl Spangler The decade mentioned in the title was 1850–1860. Though African Americans in Minnesota (most of them living in Ramsey County) were few at this time, their presence brought the national issues of race…

Ramsey County History – Fall 1964: “Steamboats and Cable Cars—St. Paul’s Gaslight Era”

George M. Brack

Steamboats and Cable Cars—St. Paul’s Gaslight Era Author: George M. Brack A detailed description of some aspects of the city in the second half of the nineteenth century: railroad service and depots, bridges and ferries, public transportation, street lighting, manufacturing, city growth, housing types. PDF of…

Ramsey County History – Fall 1964: “Little Canada—Heritage from the French”

Margaret Whitney Wall

Little Canada—Heritage from the French Author: Margaret Whitney Wall Most of St. Paul’s first settlers were French Canadians. Two of them, Benjamin and Genevieve Gervais, sold their downtown St. Paul land and claims in 1844 and moved north, near the lake that became Lake Gervais. Other French…

Ramsey County History – Fall 1964: “‘We Was Ordered Out on the Double-quick . . . They Skeedadeled:’ Sergeant Ramer’s Indian War”

Virginia Brainard Kunz

“We Was Ordered Out on the Double-quick . . . They Skeedadeled:” Sergeant Ramer’s Indian War Author: Virginia Brainard Kunz James T. Ramer was a soldier, diarist, and letter-writer. He joined the Union army on August 15, 1862; on August 18, the US Dakota War broke out.

Ramsey County History – Spring 1964: “Sod Shanty on the Prairie: Story of a Pioneer Farmer”

William L. Cavert

Sod Shanty on the Prairie: Story of a Pioneer Farmer Author: William L. Cavert A brief recounting of some basic facts about the Gibbs family and their house and farm. Heman and Jane Gibbs came to St. Paul in April 1849 and quickly moved onto the 160 acres in…