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Ramsey County History – Fall 2002: “Growing Up In St Paul: Seeing, Talking to, Calling on Sprits: Grandma Minda’s Adventures in Spiritualism”

Joanne Englund

Growing Up In St Paul: Seeing, Talking to, Calling on Sprits: Grandma Minda’s Adventures in Spiritualism Author: Joanne Englund This is the story of Minda Sands, a Scandinavian woman as remembered and written by her granddaughter. Minda and her husband bought a lot on Edmund Street between Albert and…

Ramsey County History – Winter 2002: “Crises and Panics and Mergers and Failures: St. Paul’s Struggling Banks and How They Survived Their First 75 Years”

G. Richard Slade

Crises and Panics and Mergers and Failures: St. Paul’s Struggling Banks and How They Survived Their First 75 Years Author: G. Richard Slade This article examines some of the banking history of St. Paul with a close look at how several businesses successfully dealt with tough economic times.

Ramsey County History – Winter 2002: “Tubal Cain in New Brighton: The Harris Forge and Rolling Mill Company”

Leo J. Harris

Tubal Cain in New Brighton: The Harris Forge and Rolling Mill Company Author: Leo J. Harris Abraham and Mark Harris were immigrant brothers from Russia. They founded Harris Forge and Rolling Mill, and, by 1891, it had more than 200 workers. It was one of the earliest concerns that…

Ramsey County History – Fall 1998: “Banker and Philanthropist Richard C. Lilly: The Man Who Led Two Lives”

Virginia Brainard Kunz

Banker and Philanthropist Richard C. Lilly: The Man Who Led Two Lives Author: Virginia Brainard Kunz Richard Lilly began work on a road crew at age fifteen, after his father was disabled in an accident. By age thirty-three, in 1918, he was president of St. Paul’s second-largest bank. In 1929,…

Ramsey County History – Spring 1998: “Westminster Junction and Its Tunnels—An 1880s ‘Highway Intersection’ for the Railroads”

Andrew J. Schmidt

Westminster Junction and Its Tunnels—An 1880s ‘Highway Intersection’ for the Railroads Author: Andrew J. Schmidt Modern cities do a remarkable job of hiding infrastructure below ground. This article describes the below-ground engineering of railroad access to St. Paul through the Trout Brook corridor. Too narrow to…

Ramsey County History – Spring 1995: “From Iceboxes to Freezers: The Story of the Seeger Refrigerator Company”

James B. Bell

From Iceboxes to Freezers: The Story of the Seeger Refrigerator Company Author: James B. Bell Though the name is little known outside St. Paul, no company was more important to the spread of the home refrigerator than Seeger. Founded in St. Paul in 1902, it made iceboxes, then refrigerators, under…

Ramsey County History – Spring 1992: “A Nationwide Sense of Crisis: The 1922 Shopmen’s Strike in St. Paul and the Northwest”

W. Thomas White

A Nationwide Sense of Crisis: The 1922 Shopmen’s Strike in St. Paul and the Northwest Author: W. Thomas White The 1922 rail strike was the most severe since 1894. Workers endured the loss of a wildcat strike in 1920, then a series of wage reductions. On July 1 some 400,000…

Ramsey County History – Fall 1991: “The 150th Anniversary of the Naming of the City: St. Paul and the Rush to Settlement—1840 to 1880

Virginia Brainard Kunz

The 150th Anniversary of the Naming of the City: St. Paul and the Rush to Settlement—1840 to 1880 Author: Virginia Brainard Kunz St. Paul’s earliest years recounted by the dean of Ramsey County historians. The essential information and vital characters are all here: Father Galtier, the chapel and the name,…

Ramsey County History – Summer 1990: “An Excess of Zeal and Boosterism—Few Holds Barred in Twin Cities Rivalries”

Virginia Brainard Kunz

An Excess of Zeal and Boosterism—Few Holds Barred in Twin Cities Rivalries Author: Virginia Brainard Kunz A summary of the major struggles for dominance between Minneapolis and St. Paul: the Census War of 1890 (won by Minneapolis, but only after arrests, threats, extravagant cheating, and a recount); the 14-year battle…